par Elisa GOMEZ ALEMAN, étudiante à Sciences Po
Since the late 1980s, transitional justice has been enshrined as a valuable set of tools that can be implemented in a country after a violent conflict1 . The goal of such mechanisms is to achieve long-lasting peace through dealing with past violations of human rights2 . The latter (most prominently, truth commissions) do not usually deliver legally punishable sentences, but instead seek to provide victims with an official platform from which to share their personal experiences of the attrocities they endured, as well as to potentially confront the perpetrators of such atrocities3 . Transitional justice advocates believe that a more nuanced ‘truth’ can be obtained through the sharing of individual memories4 . Continuer la lecture de Did Spain’s democratic transition enable a “common shared history” of the Civil War and the Francoist dictatorship to emerge?
- Sikkink, K. and Booth Walling, C., The Impact of Human Rights Trials in Latin America, 2007, Journal of Peace Research, Vol.44 (4), p.427.
- ICTJ (2016) What is Transitional Justice? [Online] Retrieved November 14, 2016, from https://www.ictj.org/)). Notably, transitional justice can involve “judicial measures” (such as trials) or indeed “non-judicial measures” ((Ibid.
- Mihai, M. (2016). Chapter 1 – Transitional Justice: Optional or Imperative? Negative Emotions and Transitional Justice. Columbia University Press, p.34
- Brants, C., & Klep, K. (2013). Transitional Justice: History-Telling, Collective Memory, and the Victim-Witness. International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 7(1), p.48